Muslim representation increases to 27 in 17th Lok Sabha

Muslim representation in 17th Lok Sabha has increased by
five taking the community’s tally to 27 from 22 in the outgoing Lok Sabha with
the BJP getting its lone Muslim face as Saumitra Khan, who won from West Bengal
against Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee’s Trinamool Congress.

Most of the winning candidates are from opposition parties
while only one candidate of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which won 303 out
of 542 seats across the country, could make it to the Lower House.

Saumitra Khan is the lone BJP MP in the current Lok Sabha
while Mahbub Ali Kaiser is the Lok Janshakti Party’s (LJP) winning candidate
from Khagaria in Bihar. Both will be representing ruling National Democratic
Alliance (NDA) in the Lok Sabha.

Muslim representation in the 16th Lok Sabha had dipped to
its lowest so far at 22. In 15th Lok Sabha, 33 members of the community were
elected. The highest number of Muslim MPs in the Lok Sabha was in 1980, when 49
members of the community were elected.

The BJP had fielded six Muslim candidates. Khan, a former
Trinamool Congress member who switched to the BJP ahead of the polls, won from
Bishnupur in West Bengal, where the lotus bloomed and the BJP won 18 of the
total 42 seats.

Khan defeated Trinamool’s Shyamlal Santra by a margin of
78,047 votes. Khan got 6,57,019 votes in his favour.

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The BJP had fielded Mafuja Khatun from Jangipur, a
constituency where 61.79 per cent of the population is Muslim. She was third
while the winner was Trinamool’s Khalilur Rahaman. The seat was earlier
represented by Congress’s Abhijit Mukherjee, son of former President Pranab
Mukherjee. Abhijit was second garnering 2,55,836 votes.

Humayun Kabir was another BJP candidate who contested from
Murshidabad, where the community comprises 66 per cent of the population. Kabir
got 2,47,809 votes but remained third.

Other Muslim candidates of the party failed to save their
deposits. The party had fielded three Muslim candidates in Kashmir. Sofi Yousuf
contested from Anantnag and garnered only 10,225 votes. Mohammad Maqbool War
got 7,894 votes in Baramula while Sheikh Khalid Jehangir got 4,631 votes in
Srinagar.

Most of the elected Muslim candidates belong to the Congress
(5) and Trinamool Congress (5), followed by the Samajwadi Party (3), Bahujan
Samaj Party (3) and the Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (3).

Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, which have a considerable
Muslim population, are sending six MPs each from the community. In the 2014 Lok
Sabha elections, no Muslim candidate had won from Uttar Pradesh as the BJP had
won 71 of the 80 Lok Sabha seats.

Bahujan Samaj Party candidates Afzal Ansari from Ghazipur,
Fazalur Rahman from Saharanpur and Danish Ali in Amroha, and Samajwadi Party’s
Azam Khan from Rampur, Shafique Rehman Barq from Sambhal and S.T. Hasan from
Moradabad made their way to the Lok Sabha. The Congress had fielded six Muslim
candidates in Uttar Pradesh, but none of them won a seat.

Jammu and Kashmir, a Muslim-majority state, has elected
three MPs, all from the National Conference. Bihar, which had sent four Muslim
MPs to the Lok Sabha in 2014, will only have two MPs from the community this
year. Besides Kaisar while another is Mohammad Jawed of the Congress, who won
from Kishanganj.

Three Muslim candidates won from Kerala, while two from
Assam will also be in the 17th Lok Sabha.

Mohammed Faizal of the Nationalist Congress Party won the
lone seat in Lakshadweep. The Congress’ Mohammad Sadique also won the Faridkot
seat from Punjab. Indian Union Muslim League candidate K. Navas Kani won from
Ramanathapuram in Tamil Nadu.

The All India Majlis-e-Itthadul Muslimeen will have two
candidates in Parliament – party chief Asaduddin Owaisi from Hyderabad and
Imtiaz Jaleel from Aurangabad in Maharashtra. Jaleel’s victory gains
significance as Aurangabad is not a Muslim majority constituency.

The party in Maharashtra had formed an alliance with Prakash
Ambedkar’s Vanchit Bahugan Aghadi.

-GK

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